Tuesday, April 24, 2012

The Birth of Smokey Stover - First Puffs (1935)


Smokey Stover Fireday

New Bill Holman comics posted every Friday!

Just foo you, girlies --  rare early Holman comics, including the very first Smokey Stover and Spooky in color paper scans!

Holman came to Smokey as a foo-ly developed cartoonist. By the time he created his classic screwball comic at the age of 31, Bill Holman had written and drawn his own syndicated comics for eight years from 1922-30 and then sold hundreds of gag cartoons to magazines during the next five years from 1929-34.

When he heard the Chicago Tribune - New York Daily News Syndicate was looking for a new Sunday page in late 1933, Holman (who was living in New York) took some of the firemen-themed magazine gags he had been selling (and also his jowly kitty) and fashioned them into a Sunday comic about screwball firemen, which took off, blazing.

Holman's first stint as a daily newspaper cartoonist, however, did not distinguish him as a notable cartoonist. I think this was in part because he was suppressing himself to be commercial. His first strip was an idiosyncratic funny animal strip first called J. Rabbit Esquire and then Billville Birds. Here's a couple of examples that show the characteristic Holman love for puns and background details, but very underplayed:

Billville Birds by Bill Holman August 9, 1922

Billville Birds by Bill Holman August 10, 1922

Then Holman tried a kid strip, Gee Whiz Junior. Again, it had touches of the Holman screwball approach, but in a subdued way. Here's a couple of examples:

Gee Whiz Junior by Bill Holman - Feb 1, 1924

Gee Whiz Junior by Bill Holman - Feb 2, 1924 - a slight $alesman $am flavor

We'll take a closer look at Holman's early comics in a future article. After several years on Junior, Holman moved into magazine cartooning where he began to find himself as a screwball cartoonist. As Holman said in an  interview with John Canemaker (available for reading at the official Smokey Stover/Bill Holman website):

"I was just being myself in my cartoons  -- that was the whole thing. I'd had quite a bit of experience at various papers and syndicates, and when you find that your stuff's appearing before the public in a big national publication, you get confidence." (John Canemaker, Millimeter - date unknown, circa 1970s)

Bill Holman's gag cartoons reached a far wider audience
than his earlier newspaper comic strips - Collier's Weekly Jan 28, 1933
We'll also take a look at Holman's magazine cartoons in a future post. Having finally developed his cartooning style and screwball sensibility, Holman seized an opportunity to take another dance on the stripper's stage. It seems that the fireman idea may have been suggested by News publisher Joseph "Captain" Patterson, who took as keen an interest in his syndicate's comics as William Hearst did in his line-up. That's the way Bill himself remembered it:

Bill Holman gives us a lesson in
screwball cartooning (from the 1948
article, Meet Bill Holman by Bert Dale)
"...the News is very civic-minded -- they're always starting Funds for widows of policemen, firemen, etc. and Captain Patterson, the publisher of the News wanted a fireman character -- someone that people could identify casually with. Also, I had sold a lot of firemen ideas to magazines, and the idea of firemen running around all over in red trucks seemed like a good gimmick to hang things on." (John Canemaker, Millimeter - date unknown)

In a 1948 article, Meet Bill Holman by Bert Dale, Holman recalled that he drew the first Smokey page on Christmas Eve, 1933. He went home to Indiana for Christmas and mentioned to his mother that he had an invitation to submit a new Sunday comic to a big syndicate, she insisted that he sit right down and finish it while she trimmed the tree. "It sure spoiled my Christmas," Bill remembered. "On Christmas morning Ma made me go down to the post office with that first Smokey Stover page." 

Three weeks later (according to the article) Bill returned to New York to find a stack of messages at his hotel from the syndicate, all reading "Come on over to the News."

As often happened with comics syndicates, Captain Patterson waited to publish the strip until Holman had built up a year's inventory, ensuring that future deadlines would not be missed. Holman began to sell gag cartoons to magazine markets again. One day Holman was called to the News offices and asked why he was selling to magazines when he had a syndicated Sunday comic page. "Well, you're not printing my stuff," said Bill. Shortly after, Smokey started appearing in the color Sunday comics sections of papers all over America, igniting one of the longest runs for any comic strip in America.

Here is an early, if not the first announcement/solicitation the Tribune-News syndicate circulated to newspapers for the comic. Note that the cat is already named Spooky. Note also the name of Arthur Crawford. Holman credited Crawford in some interviews as being the first to contact him about the opportunity to develop a new comic for the syndicate.



Here is the first Smokey Stover (here called simply "Smokey"), published March 10, 1935 in a nice paper scan, furnished by fellow screwball historian, Carl Linich (see his blog on Ahern's Squirrel Cage)

The first published Smokey Stover comic by Bill Holman.
A landmark in screwball comics. (March 10, 1935)
Scan supplied by Carl Linich from his collection

This example of strip is in the "tab" (tabloid) format, which was a smaller, full page format. I wonder if this was the first page that Holman drew on that chilly Indiana Christmas Eve, or if they perhaps selected from his built-up inventory a year or so later, to select an early, but solid first strip. In any case, as with most newspaper comic series, this first appearance is noticeably different from the high-octane insanity that most of us associate with Smokey Stover.

Another point to note in the comic above is that Holman draws his signature jowl-cheeked, tape-tailed cat in seven of the 12 panels. Holman was also inserting this kitty in his gag cartoons. Although the early Smokey comics lack the density of the later strips, Holman is already working to create multi-tracks of gags. In the strip above, we have the main gag about the chair legs, and then there's the funny business of the goofy cat, who is not an essential part of the joke at all, but still adds a lot to the comic.

Here's the second appearance of Smokey Stover (again, just called "Smokey"), from March 17, 1935. This example is in the half-page format, which uses fewer panels (3 tiers instead of 4).

The second published Smokey Stover comic - March 17, 1935
From the collection of Paul Tumey

Foo some reason, the image in the last panel reminds me of Don Martin's comics. Maybe it's the way the "honk" sound effects are drawn. There are a few items in the background, and Chief Cash U. Nutt is smokiing that wonderful two-bowl pipe in the title panel (the smoke from his pipe appropriately forms the title, creating a visual pun). Still, overall this comic is sparse and tame, compared to what it would become. It's not yet the "torrent of audacious gags" that the Tribune-News promised. Spooky appears in panels two and eight.

In the fifth Smokey Stover comic to be published, Spooky gets his own strip. Here, then, is the very first Spooky comic strip!

The first Spooky and the fifth Smokey. (April 7, 1935 )
Scan supplied by Carl Linich from his collection

I'd like to dedicate this post to a pal and fellow screwball, Carl Linich. 

If you are in New York this weekend (April 28 and 29), be sure to visit Carl's table at the Museum of Comic and Cartoon Art (MoCCA) Festival

Smoked Links
You can find more excellent Smokey Stover and Spooky comics at the following links:

Smokey Stover Online (the official site by Bill Holman's nephew)

Pappy's Golden Age Blog  (reprints lots of great Holman comics! Thanks for the plug, Pappy!)

The Fireman Cometh - my first article on Holman with some more early Smokeys

No Claws For Alarm - my article reprinting and analyzing Holman's topper strip

My page on Bill Holman - just updated as of this post - many rare items not found anywhere else on this blog!

I hope you enjoyed this look at the birth of Smokey Stover and Spooky. In future posts, I'd like share with you more of Holman's early comics, and some of his magazine gag cartoons. Until then, you can find me in room...

Nix Nix 1506,
Paul Tumey

What's in that pipe, Bill? (1939)

4 comments:

  1. Holman has that great first rule of ALL great screwball comics...his drawings are just plain fun to look at and are funny in themselves even at first glance. Cartoonist (and all the good aspects of that word) to the core!

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    1. I totally agree, Jeff -- an excellent observation. I derive a lot of pleasure from just looking at Holman's drawings. When you isolate some of the panels or Spooky drawings, they are terrific cartooning examples. As I hope my post shows, it took Holman years of hard work to get to this level. Like the great Tezuka, he cartooned every day in an apartment he rented just for that purpose. The kitchen was not used for cooking, but storage of his art. Imagine... kitchen cabinets stuffed with hundreds of Holman originals!

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  2. What a great post! And thanks for the dedication, bub. But you'd better check them spectacles! In that first Smokey page I see Spooky in not four, but seven panels! A reg'lar Waldo, that one.

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    1. By the great notary sojac in he sky! You are right, sir-ah! Fap! Seven panels it is! I stand corrected!Great Spooky spotting! I better get muh eyes checked before I make a spectacle of myself. (cough cough)

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